On health today: 10 body parts you often damage unknowingly

Human body parts and organs you damage without knowing
By Emeh Joy

There are many things we do without knowing their health implications. Some of these common practises cause severe damage to the body organs over time; hence, the need to point them out so the public can make corrections.

Body parts/organs you damage without knowing

Here are some things you do that are risky to your body organs and overall well being.

1. The Kidney

You damage your kidney when you don't drink at least eight glasses of water every day.

Insufficient intake of water can cause formation of kidney stones

The kidneys stay more healthy when you drink sufficient water. This is because water helps the kidney get rid of waste from the blood.

Without enough water, the wastes (with accompanying acids) can build up thus, causing the kidneys to clog up with myoglobin.

Insufficient water intake can also cause the formation of kidney stones as well as urinary tract infections (UTI).

2. The Liver

You damage your kidney when you eat a lot of junk foods, fried foods and consume lots of alcohol.

Excessive intake of alcohol and unhealthy eating habits can cause swelling, inflammation, fibrosis and finally, cirrhosis of the liver.

Accumulated alcohol intake over the years can cause Alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD). The liver becomes swollen and inflamed.

Research has also suggested that eating fast food such as fructose-laden sugary drinks and other junks can be toxic to the liver and other organs of the body.

Excessive damage to the liver causes scarring damage known as cirrhosis which is the final stage of liver disease.

3. The Lungs

You damage your lungs when you inhale the smoke from cigarettes, weed, dirt and polluted fumes.

Inhaling harmful smoke particles from cigarettes, fumes, gases etc can causing swelling and inflammation of the lungs

Inhaling harmful smoke particles and gases does a lot of harm to the lungs. It can cause inflammation of the lungs and airways, thus causing them to swell.

The inflammation and swelling can block the inflow of oxygen, thus leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory failure and in some cases, death.

4. The Skin

You damage your skin when you apply bleaching creams, when you don't keep it clean and when you don't moisturise often.

Bleaching the skin and lack of proper skin care routine can cause damage and fast aging of the skin.

Unfortunately, many people, especially the female-folk, are more interested in getting a light skin complexion rather than taking meaningful measures to take care of their skin.

The use of bleaching products does more harm than good to the skin. They prevent the deposition of melanin on the skin and also destroys melanin and melanocytes.

Melanin is the natural substance produced by the skin cells called melanocytes which gives the skin, iris of the eye and hair its typical dark colour.

Melanin helps protect against the harmful UV rays from the sun and the more melanin you have, the more protected you are from the sun. Thus bleaching products strip you of this protection and predisposes you to conditions like skin cancer.

5. The Heart

You damage your heart when you consume too much salt and cholesterol.

Blockage of the coronary arteries by cholesterol disrupts blood flow to the myocardium (heart muscle) and can cause heart attack.

Several studies have shown that too much intake of salt causes an increase in high blood pressure and also stiffening of the arteries and blood vessels which increases the risk of heart diseases and ultimately premature death.

Also, when you consume much Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol also known as the 'bad cholesterol', they can build up in the arteries clogging them and making them stiff as well- a condition known as atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis can cause insufficient flow of blood to the heart and can cause a heart attack.

6. The Eyes

You damage your eyes when you sit in front of your computer or mobile phones with your eyes glued to the screens for hours, especially in the dark.

Looking into the screen nonstop for hours can cause eye strain, discomfort and blurry vision

This goes particularly to the programmers, writers and other people whose jobs entail sitting in front of the computer for long hours.

The glare or brightness from the electronic screen can cause eyestrain, especially when you look at the screen for too long.

Also, looking at the screen without blinking your eyes will cause the eyes to dry out. The effect of this is discomfort and blurry vision.

Hence, it is advised that you take breaks, look away from the screen for a while, use artificial tears, limit screen time, adjust the lighting in the room and that of the screen.

7. The Pancreas

You damage your pancreas when you consume too much alcohol, sweet, candies and other sugary items.

Too much alcohol and sugar intake can turn your pancreas from a healthy one to an inflammed one (pancreatitis).

Your pancreas is responsible for secreting insulin hormone. Insulin makes it possible for the cells to utilise the glucose or sugars you consume and in the absence, glucose accumulates in the blood, thus causing type 2 diabetes.

When you consume too much sugar, you might stop responding properly to insulin even as your pancreas starts pumping out more insulin.

Eventually, your pancreas would get overworked and would break down while your blood sugar level increases (diabetes).

Also, alcohol abuse is another factor that can cause damage to the pancreas as it can lead to pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

8. The Brain

You damage your brain psychologically when you continuously expose yourself to environmental stressors, toxins, drugs and alcohols.

Environmental stressors, use of certain drugs, excessive alcohols, toxic gases puts your brain at greater risk of damage

If you are constantly stressed, depressed or suffering from anxiety, you should get routine medical care as some psychological disorders deteriorate and worsen over time.

You also damage it when you inhale carbon monoxide and other toxins which cuts off the supply of oxygen to the brain. When you don't get enough oxygen supply to the brain (hypoxia), it causes severe damage to the brain cells and even death.

9. The Vagina

You damage the vagina when you douche or insert unsterile materials into it with the aim of achieving pleasure.

Vagina douching is an unhealthy practise. Also, inserting unsterilized objects into the vagina predisposed to vaginal infections.

Needless to say, putting unsterilised objects into your private part predisposes you to infections and can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases.

Another common cause of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID) is having unprotected sex, and the infection can spread from the vagina to other reproductive organs like uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Douching means cleaning or washing the inside of the vagina using water or other fluid mixtures. Some women wash their vaginas with soap and water as well, which is wrong.

While it would make you feel cleaner, there is no scientific evidence that douching is beneficial; rather, it predisposes to vaginal infections and PID.

The vagina is self-cleaning and doesn't need the extra washing to keep it clean. Washing it, in fact, upsets the natural bacteria balance in the vagina (vaginal flora) and makes the environment more favourable for infection-causing bacteria to grow and thrive.

10. The Testis

You damage your testis when you wear tight-fitted briefs and expose them to hot temperature.

Exposing the testicles to heat, wearing tight-fitted pants or briefs is not healthy for the testes as it can cause low sperm count and affect male fertility

During the embryonic stage, the testicles start developing within the abdominal area, but with time it descends into the scrotal sac on the outer part of the pelvic area, and there is a reason for that. Your sperm needs to get some fresh air!

Having them stuck inside tight pants or brief is harmful to the sperm cells. Sperm production processes are affected by prolonged exposure to heat.

The result is that you produce fewer sperms (low sperm count), and in some cases, the sperms are abnormally shaped (abnormal morphology). Motility of sperms might also be reduced. All effects point towards the compromise of fertility.

You should know:

When one organ or system of the body starts malfunctioning, it likely affects other body parts hence, the need for you to take care of all your body parts.

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